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Qual Improv Health Care > Volume 21(2); 2015 > Article
Quality Improvement in Health Care 2015;21(2): 58.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14371/QIH.2015.21.2.58    Published online December 30, 2015.
의료종사자의 환자안전문화와 표준주의 인식과 상관관계
권혜경1, 정재심2, 이복임2, 김장한3
1울산대학교 산업대학원 임상전문간호학전공/광명성애병원
2울산대학교 산업대학원 임상전문간호학전공
3울산대학교 의예과
Awareness and Correlation of Patient Safety Culture and Standard Precautions among Health Care Personnel
Hye-kyung Kwon1, Jae-sim Jeong2, Bok-im Lee2, Jang-han Kim3
1Dept. of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan/Gwang Myeong Sung Ae Hospital
2Dept. of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan
3Dept. of Medical Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Ulsan
Abstract
Objectives
This study was conducted as descriptive correlation research in order to survey healthcare personnel(HCP)'s awareness of patient safety culture and their recognition of standard precautions, and to examine the correlation between the two factors.
Methods
The subjects were 400 HCPs including 80 doctors, 240 nurses, and 80 medical technicians from two general hospitals. The questionnaire used in the survey consisted of 9 questions on general characteristics, 44 on the perception of patient safety culture, and 21 on the recognition of standard precautions.
Results
According to the subjects' general characteristics, the score was significantly higher in those aged over 40 than in those aged 30-39. In addition, it was significantly higher in managers than in practitioners, in those with work experience of less than a year than in those with 5-9 years. The score was also significantly higher in those working 8 hours a day than in those working over 10 hour a day. The number of medical accident reports according to the subjects' general characteristics was significantly larger in nurses than in doctors, in managers than in practitioners, and in those with 10 years' or longer experiences than in those with less than a year. In the awareness of standard precautions according to the subjects' general characteristics, the score was significantly higher in female workers than in male workers, and in managers than in practitioners. As a whole, the subjects' awareness of patient safety culture and their recognition of standard precautions showed a significant correlation with each other.
Conclusion
From the result of this study, sufficient work force and the promotion of organizational culture for safety is needed in order to guarantee patient safety. Likewise, these results suggest that experience, job skill, and adequate working hours have a positive effect on the awareness of patient safety culture and the recognition of standard precautions.
Key words Patient safety culture;Standard precautions;Awareness;Healthcare personnel;


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