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Journal of Korean Society Quality Assurance Health Care 2002;9(2): 116.
Published online December 30, 2002.
장기재원환자의 특성 및 전원 인지도와 전원 의향과의 관계 - 장기재원환자의 효율적 전원을 위한 전략 제시 -
강은숙1, 탁관철2, 이태화3, 김인숙3
1연세대학교 보건대학원
2연세대학교 의과대학
3연세대학교 간호대학
Relationship between Characteristics of Lengthy Hospital Stay Patients, Knowledge of Transfer Needs and Their Willingness to Transfer - Strategies for the Effective Transfer of Lengthy Hospital Stay Patients -
Eun Sook Kang1, Kwan-Chul Tark2, Taewha Lee3, In Sook Kim3
1Graduate School of Health Science and Management Yonsei University
2Yonsei University College of Medicine
3Yonsei University College of Nursing
Abstract
Background
It is very common in Korea to take care of non-acute patients in an acute setting, due to the lack of long-term facilities. Long term hospitalization increase medical expenses and decreases the bed utilization, which can affect the urgent and emergent admissions, and eventually jeopardize the hospital financially. In this study, strategies for effective transfers to the lower levels of care, and to decrease the length of stay were presented by surveying and analyzing the patient's knowledge of the transfer needs, and the willingness to transfer those whose hospital length of stay was more than 30days. Method : The survey is subject to a group of 251 patients who have been hospitalized over 30 days in a general hospital in Seoul. Excluding those that were in the Intensive Care Unit and psychiatric ward, 214 in-patients were used as participants. They were surveyed from April 9, 2002 to April 17, 2002. One hundred and thirty seven out of 214 were responded which made the response rate 64%. Data were analyzed by SAS and SPSS.
Result
Multi-variable Logistic Regression Analysis showed a significant effect in medical expenses, knowledge of referral system and the information of the receiving hospital. The financial burden in medical expenses made the patient 10.7 times more willing to be transferred, knowledge of the referral system made them 5 times more willing to be transferred, and the information of receiving hospital makes 6.5 times more willing to be transferred. Reasons for willing to be transferred to a lower level of care were the phase of physical therapy, the distance from home, the attending physician's advice and being unable to be treated as an out patient. Reasons for refusing to be transferred were the following. The attending physician's competency, not being ready to be discharged, not trusting the receiving hospital's competency due to the lack of information, or never hearing about the referring system by the attending physician.
Conclusion
Based on this, strategies for the effective transfer to the lower levels of care were suggested. It is desirable for the attending physician to be actively involved by making an effort to explain the transfer need, and referring to the Healthcare Coordinating Center, which can help the patient make the right decision. Nationwide networking for the referral system is the another key factor that may need to be suggested as an alternative to decrease the medical expenses. Collaborating with the Home Health Agency for the early discharge planning and the Social Service Department for financial aid are also needed. It is recommended that the hospital should expedite the transfer process by prioritizing the cost and the information as medical expenses, knowledge of referring system and the information of the receiving hospital, are the most important factors to the willingness to transfer to a lower level of care.
Key words Lengthy hospital stay patients;Willingness to transfer;
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